Plantar fasciitis is a common condition that causes heel pain. The plantar fascia is a band of tissue that runs along the bottom of your foot from your heel to your toes. When this tissue becomes irritated or inflamed, it can cause heel pain. Plantar fasciitis is often caused by overuse, such as from running or standing for long periods of time. Treatment for plantar fasciitis typically includes rest, ice, and over-the-counter pain medications. In some cases, physical therapy may also be recommended.
Achilles tendinitis is a condition that results in pain in the back of the heel. The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body, and it connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. Achilles tendinitis occurs when the tendon becomes inflamed or irritated. The most common symptom of Achilles tendinitis is pain in the back of the heel that gets worse with activity. Treatment for Achilles tendinitis includes rest, ice, and anti-inflammatory medications.
Heel bursitis is also a condition that can cause heel pain. The bursa is a small, fluid-filled sac that acts as a cushion between bones and tissues in the body. When this sac becomes inflamed, it can cause heel pain. Heel bursitis is usually caused by overuse or injury to the foot. Treatment for heel bursitis may include rest, ice, and over-the-counter medications. Surgery is rarely needed.
Sever’s disease is a condition that causes heel pain in children and teenagers who play sports. The pain is caused by the child’s heel bone growing faster than the muscles and tendons in the heel. The condition is most common in children aged 10-12 years old. Sever’s disease can be treated with rest, ice, and pain relievers, along with taking time away from sports and allowing the heel bone to finish growing.
Heel spurs are the last common cause of heel pain we’re going to talk about. They are bony outgrowths that form on the heel bone, and can be very painful. Heel spurs are caused by a variety of things, including overuse injuries, arthritis, and improper shoes. Treatment for heel spurs typically involves wearing proper shoes and doing exercises to stretch the Achilles tendon. Surgery is occasionally necessary to remove the spur.